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  1. SmithLyon4

    Correction d'oral-Spaces and Exchanges

    Bonjour et merci beaucoup de m'avoir aidé à corriger ma synthèse, mais hormis les nombreuses fautes et ce que vous trouvez mes idées cohérentes pour traiter ce sujet ?
  2. SmithLyon4

    Correction d'oral-Spaces and Exchanges

    Bonjour à tous, j'espère que vous allez bien. Je passe mon oral de Langue Vivante Approfondie (LVA) ce jeudi 1er juin, et j'aimerai que vous jetiez un coup d’œil à ma dernière synthèse s'il vous plaît, pour voir si il y' a des fautes à corriger et est-ce que vous pensez que mon travail est bien, merci d'avance. So, today, I’m going to talk about the notion of Spaces and Exchanges. First of all, I would like to give a definition of this notion. This notion deals with the geographical and symbolic areas that all societies occupy and the interactions between men and different societies. The different cultural, economic, sociological and language interactions have shaped and characterised our modern-day world. To put the notion into perspective, we’re going to speak about the immigration in the United States, and attempt to answer the question: Melting Pot or Salad bowl: To what extent has immigration in the US been successful? To answer this question, I will illustrate my arguments with 3 documents: a document entitled "Immigration experience: now and then" and who contains 2 articles that come from the Internet, then, a short story published by David Cho in April 2001 about Sung Jong Chang’s immigration, and finally, my personal document is the song “America” from the musical West Side Story, produced by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim in 1957. I will speak about the topic along three lines. First, I will talk about the fact that the United States is the nation of immigration, then, I would like to give an example of immigration in America, the story of Sung Jong Chang and her family and finally, I will speak about the problems which can be encountered by immigrants nowadays. To start with, I will explain that the United States is a nation of immigration. During their first century, the United States presented itself as one of the most welcoming nation. Immigration has been the historical foundation of the American nation. The United States is the only major world power today that owes its existence primarily to the phenomenon of immigration. Line 7 “America is a nation of immigrants is an incontrovertible fact”. Some people immigrate to the United States because they want more job opportunities and better conditions of life. In some cases, people migrate with the knowledge or hope that more opportunities will be available to them in their particular field than at home. At the line 15 “Immigrants do come to America to have a better life and for jobs especially the ones with hard labor”. People come from four corners of the world to have their American dream. They are ready to leave everything to start a new life. Line 3 “a massive stream of humanity, speaking every language and representing every religion, nationality and race, crossed every ocean and continent to reach the United States”. They also come in the United States to have a better opportunity in education and for a better life with their family. Some immigrants are important for the good development of the society. Line 29 “the presence of so many aliens is a powerful testament to the attractiveness of America”. The official policy on immigration only began after the American Revolution, in the late eighteenth century. Several groups of people have immigrated to the United States, such as the Irish, the Germans, The Africans etc... These several waves of immigration shows that the United States is a nation of immigration. The song “America” is like a dialogue, an interaction between boys and girls, they answer each other. On the roof, Puerto Rican immigrants meet together, women and men are opposed in their vision of America, their host country. Anita defends life in the United States, which is easier. For women, United States is the dream country and it totally denigrates Puerto Rico. Girls give an image of the economic and social difficulties of Third World countries, lands of emigration. At Lines 3-6 “Always the hurricanes blowing, always the population growing, and the money owing”. They see the United States as a promised land, this country symbolizes the American Dream, where everyone can succeed and live happily. At Line 10 “I like to be in America” and line 8 “I like the Island Manhattan”. They feel good in America, because freedom holds an important place in society. Line 12 “Everything free in America”, At the Line 31 “Here you are free and you have pride”. Girls love consumer society and the American Way of Life. Line 14 “Buying on credit is so nice”, Line 16 “I have my own washing-machine”, Line 19 “Cadillacs zoom in America”. American society is based on equal opportunities. Every American is convinced that if he works hard, if he follows a vocational training, if luck smiles at him, he will earn money and be able to live happily. Line 24 “I’ll get a terraced-apartment”, line 33 “free to be anything you choose”. America continues making dream: many immigrants believe they can find a better life there. These documents can be related to the myth of "Melting Pot". Melting Pot is when immigrants have different nationalities, different languages, religions, ethnicities but they assimilated and melted together to form a new community. They don’t keep their traditions but they form a homogenous society. America has traditionally been referred to as a “melting pot”, welcoming people from many different countries, races and religions, all hoping to find freedom, new opportunities and a better way of life. In the song, at the Line 38 Anita said to Tony “You forget I’m in America”. This sentence shows that girls have already forgotten Puerto Rico, they really feel American. We will now see if it is always easy to integrate well into the United States. For this, we will study the story of Sung Jong Chang. Sung Jong Chang’s story take place in Fairfax City in the United States. Sung Jong Chang is a Korean immigrant. At the line 18 we learn that she has been living in America for a dozen years “Twelve years after arriving in the United States”. We also learn at the second line that she is a hardworking woman “works seven days a week in the family’s restaurant business”. She has two children: a boy, John Kim, who has 16 years old and a girl, Sun Mi Kim, who has 18 years old. Sung Jong Chang has come to America to have a more comfortable life because she grew up in a Korea devastated by war. Her parents had little food or money. When she immigrated in The United States in 1988, she said, she was determined that her own family would not face the same deprivations. On the one hand, we can be said that she achieved her immigration, because she lives in better living conditions with her children and she has a good job, at the line 37 “Yes the restaurants have afforded their family a better life” but on the other hand, we can be said that her integration within the American society is not achieved, because she does not speak the language. At the line 3 “speaks almost no English”, there are no exchanges between her and other citizens. At the home, she watches Korean television and videos. At the work she speaks Korean with her friends and colleagues. There is also another problem in Sung Jong Chang's life, is that communication between her and her son is difficult. Unlike her, he is well integrated into American society. He arrived in the United States when he was very young and so he quickly adapted to this new society. Line 9 “John, However is 100 percent Americanized. His friendships, his classes at school, his tastes”. Sung Jong Chang and John Kim don’t know exactly what each other thinks of feels because they don’t speak the same language. Sun Mi, Sung Jong Chang’s daughter, try to bridge the gap between these two generations which don’t understand each other. At the line 23 “Translating nearly everything that passes between them, even their shouting matches.” Sung Jong Chang's life can be related to the myth of "Salad Bowl". Salad Bowl is when people lived into the society but keeping their own identities. In the salad bowl model, different American cultures are brought together, like salad ingredients but don’t form together into a single homogenous culture. Each culture keeps its own distinct qualities. After studying Sung Jong Chang’s story, we will see now the problems which can be encountered by immigrants nowadays. In the first document, we can see that the immigration have their consequences, as each new wave of immigrants reached America, they were faced with problems: lines 9-10 “the problems of getting along with people of different background and habits”. Despite the fact that several categories of people have immigrated to the United States, they are quickly devalued because of their nationality. At the line 10 “Throughout the history of America, myriad groups have welcomed and scorned immigrants at the same time”. Now days the immigration issue raises concerns of assimilation, bilingualism, multiculturalism, economic and national security: lines 31-33 “Americans of every generation have been frightened that newcomers would subvert established customs…” Since the election of Donald Trump in the United States, undocumented immigrants, especially the Mexicans, no longer feel safe. Some have immigrated to this country from a very young age and, following this news, they are afraid of losing their American life, which they have a long time to build. Line 10 “The first thought I had is that I have done everything right and I is all going to be taken away from me”. The Americans control borders because they are afraid of terrorist attacks and they do not want that illegal immigrants includes the country. In the song "America", unlike girls, boys have another perspective on immigrant life in the United States. The homesickness touches many immigrants, who do not succeed in being made in the American model. Line 39 “I think I’ll go back to San Juan”. Ethnic minorities benefit not the same rights as the citizens Americans. They are sometimes victims of racial segregation. Line 25 “Better get rid of your accent”, Line 13 “For a small fee in America”. Poverty touches especially ethnic minorities, which cannot use material assets, in that they do not have access, for lack of money. Line 15 “One look at us and they charge twice”, Line 29 “If you’re all white in America”. The boys also speak about the strong shortage of accommodation. Immigrated populations are often parked in of true ghettoes, and live in a big precariousness. This situation encourage urban acts of violence. Line 21 “Twelve in a room in America”, Line 23 “Lots of door-slamming in your face”, line 35 “Everywhere grime in America”. Them excluded from the American model are many. It is the face hidden from the American dream. The ethnic communities are the first ones to be endured from this exclusion: They want the equality of rights. Moreover they underline the violence of American society and the fact that you must fight to get anything you want. To sum up, I would like to say that the question of immigration is part of the American culture, and as cannot be aside. Melting pot or Salad Bowl? From all times, people have immigrated to the United States, seeking for a better and easier life. If this new life is somehow better, it is not always easier. Obstacles are numerous and only the strongest or the luckiest can survive. Some of them manage to live the American dream, becoming important personalities, but the majority only struggles to survive and lose or have to give up essential parts of their lives specific living conditions of the undocumented Americans.
  3. SmithLyon4

    Littérature anglaise TL / 2°

    Re, et merci encore d'avoir pris le temps de m'aider, et effectivement je mets toujours des virgules là où il ne faut pas
  4. SmithLyon4

    Littérature anglaise TL / 1°

    Bonjour et merci beaucoup pour votre aide, et oui pour les titres je m'en suis rendu compte après les avoir postés Merci beaucoup
  5. SmithLyon4

    Littérature anglaise TL / 2°

    Bonsoir à tous, je passe mon oral de littérature anglaise dans une semaine, j'ai fait mes synthèses, mais je sais pas si il y'a encore des fautes ou non. Pourriez vous m'aider s'il vous plait? Merci d'avance Thématique: Encounter with other, love and friendship My presentation will deal with the theme of “Encounter with the other, love and friendship”. To put the notion into perspective, we’re going to speak about “The odd couple”. I would first begin by defining what an odd couple is. That notion refers to two people with a special connection or relationship but who are very different from each other. The word “Odd” means weird and strange and the word “Couple” means 2 men, 2 women, or 1 man & 1 woman but mismatched. Their mood, their social status are opposite: there are normally several distinct differences between the two partners to have the term "odd couple" used to describe a specific relationship. I will present this notion with 2 documents that we saw in class and another personal document. We will start with a funny and most ironical short story by Charlie Fish: Death by scrabble. Charlie Fish is American, but currently lives in England. He is a contemporary writer. He also writes scenarios. The short story was published in 2000. The main subject is the odd couple. The story pinpoints the ups and downs of an odd couple. This odd couple is like chalk and cheese. They are mismatched, as different as possible they are playing scrabble but the game is distorted. It is a very original story. There is no real murder, and no culprit. The objects in the room are highly symbolic and the words predict what will happen next. There are a lot of foreshadowing as well. The crafty writer uses suspense techniques as in a murder play. Violence is expressed not physically but verbally the story is the perfect illustration of: she has the last word! Then, I will speak about the first extract « Boon Companions » by Paul Auster published in 1999 (nineteen ninety nine). Paul Benjamin Auster is an American writer and director. The novel tells the story of a funny couple, a friendship between a dog and a man. The 2 protagonists are an unexpected couple. Thus, two characters are present in this extract: Willy G, a failed poet, and Mr. Bones, a dog who feels like a stranger in the world of men. Mr Bones is a hodgepodge of genetic strains. He is dirty, unhealthy. Two completely different characters by their kind and yet very strong friendship develops between them. The extract highlights the strange personality of the master and the almost human personality of the dog. The dog is personified and he depends as much on Willy as Willy on him. They complement each other, which makes the extract both realistic and moving. They could be nicknamed: the perfect couple. Finally, we will talk about my personal document, which is an illustration. It is probably a painting. This illustration shows a young man and a young woman. We don’t know who the painter is. The scene probably takes place on a porch. It is difficult to date the painting: it may have been painted in the nineties, because of the young man’s look and hairstyle. The woman is very formally dressed in Victorian style whereas the man looks very casual. The woman must feel very proud of her Victorian dress, her sophisticated hairstyle. This painting seems to be a stereotyped vision of 2 opposing social classes. One the one hand, a young woman, maybe from the upper class, on the other hand a man, who certainly comes from the working class. These 2 characters are as different as can be! They seem to have nothing in common, their love story is very unlikely. They are poles apart and there is a huge gap between them. They come from a different class but they also come from a different era: she looks Victorian, he could come from the 21st century. However, we must not judge by appearances. To sum up, I would like to say that these documents truly represent the notion of "meeting with other" and “odd couple”. Despite the fact that they characters seems highly opposite through their social status or their mood, they try to bridge the gap between them. These documents correspond to this notion. Personally, I enjoy this notion because we discovered that love and friendship have no border. My favourite document is the picture of an odd couple, because it perfectly represents the definition of the odd couple.
  6. SmithLyon4

    Littérature anglaise TL / 1°

    Bonsoir à tous, je passe mon oral de littérature anglaise dans une semaine, j'ai fait mes synthèses, mais je sais pas si il y' a des fautes ou non. Pourriez vous m'aider s'il vous plait? Merci d'avance à ceux qui prendront de leur temps pour m'aider. Thématique: the writer in his century My presentation will deal with the theme of “The writer in his century”. Writers play a very important role in our lives. They can have a real impact, some are whistle-blowers too. Some writers don't hesitate criticizes their own society through their work in expressing their way of thinking under the form of movie, history, poem... But many books also reveal their century, first through the type of language used but also by the story itself. We can ask ourselves how writers denounce their society through their work. I will present this notion with 2 documents that we saw in classroom: “Clara’s day” by Penelope Lively, and an extract of “The Help” by Kathryn Stockett, and then, another personal document, the 1st chapter of Jane Auster’s book entitled “Pride and Prejudice”. First of all, we will study a short story entitled "Clara's day" published by Penelope Lively in 1986. Penelope Lively was born in March 1933, she is a contemporary British writer of fiction for both children and adults. In "Clara’s day", a teenage girl takes all her clothes off in a morning assembly, she wants to attract the attention of her mother, who does not pay attention to her. She is in fact very prudish and this strip-tease is a big milestone in the girl’s life; unfortunately, the mother doesn’t care and the girl’s action is misunderstood; she is left alone with her problems, unsolved. This is a call for help: this short story is thought provoking: we must help teenagers when they need us, they can be very vulnerable. This story by Penelope Lively shows how our emotional lives at home can sometimes have an impact on the way we behave in school. Penelope Lively denounces the problems of personality of teenagers. This text has an influence on the readers but more especially on the teenagers and their parents. Now, we will study a text that denounces a different kind of problem in society: the racism and the segregation of black’s maids in America. The novel entitled “The Help” was written by Kathryn Stockett in 2009. Kathryn Stockett was born in 1969, in Jackson and she is an American novelist. She is known this novel, which is about the story of Black maids who suffer from discrimination in Jackson, Mississippi under the Jim Crow Laws. The novel was written in the context of racial segregation in the United States in the 1960s. The testimony opens with a chapter written in the first person from the point of view of an Africa-American maid, Aibileen. Aibileen is a maid who takes care of children and cleans. Her first job since her own 24-year-old son, Treelore, died from an accident on his job, is tending the Leefolt household and caring for their toddler, Mae Mobley. The writer uses vernacular language to make it more realistic. In the 1960’s, interracial contact was forbidden. Skeeter, the white student will bridge the gap between the black world and the white world. She is tolerant, unmarried, and graduate and she loves black maids. Through the book that she wrote with Aibileen and Minnie, about the discrimination against black maids during their century, we can see now that, there is a raise of awareness of the reader thanks to the writer. Finally, we will see a text where the author denounces society but ironically. Jane Austen was born in 1775 and she died in 1817. She belonged to the gentry in Hampshire. She was a spinster but wrote only about families and couples. Her novels are “comedies of manners”. Pride and Prejudice was written in 1813. The plot of the novel unfolds during the age of the Romantic Movement. Austen used fiction to describe social reality within her own time and class (the gentry and professional classes of southern England in the early 19th century)... She examines society with irony. In this text, she describes a society she knows well, and of which she explores and criticizes the limits of, especially as far as women’s position in that society and the institution of marriage are concerned. In this excerpt we have chosen, Mrs Bennett contemplates marrying Mr Bingley to one of her daughters, although none of the young characters have ever met. Jane Austen, gave the heroines of her novels, and therefore women, a voice that they didn’t have in the society of her time: Elizabeth Bennet, one of the daughters of the family, embodies the independent modern heroine who refuses to submit to social conventions and wants to marry for love. Her character implicitly represents a criticism of the society of the time, when women were treated as children and had no rights, including the right to write novels. Jane Austen and other female authors like Charlotte Brontë thus defied the patriarchal system. To conclude, we have seen that the three authors of these documents reveal the society of their time and above all the problems of the period they lived in. These documents correspond to this notion. I think Katheryn Stockett is the one who denounced one of the biggest problems of society in the 1960s. It is a poignant story that can change the mentalities of the readers, it’s the reason why I enjoy this notion.
  7. SmithLyon4

    Oral d'Allemand- Conclusions

    Bonsoir à tous! Je passe mes oraux dans deux semaines, et j'aimerai savoir si possible de m'aider à corriger les fautes qu'il pourrait y'avoir sur mes conclusions sur les notions de Raum und Austausch et Orte und Formen der Macht. Je vous remercie d'avance. Orte und Formen der Macht: "Zum Schluss, können wir sagen, dass es unterschiedliche Reaktionen auf die Macht und die Ordnung gibt. Die Autorität und die Ordnung können von den Menschen unterschiedlich gesehen werden. Anpassung oder Rebellion haben immer mit dem politischen und gesellschaftlichen Hintergrund zu tun. Anpassung und Rebellion sind nicht immer einfach zu wählen, aber wir sollen eine persönliche Meinung haben. Ich denke dass, es wichtig ist, nicht zu rebellieren. Wenn die Menschen rebellieren gegen die Gesellschaft, sie setzen ihr Leben aufs Spiel. Sie können sich töten oder sogar ins Gefängnis gehen lassen. Das ist schade. Ich glaube dass, es wichtig ist, ein ruhiges Leben haben und seine Träume zu verfolgen" Raum und Austausch : "Zum Schluss, können wir sagen dass, Menschen aus vielen Gründen reisen, und die Reisen es möglich, Erfahrungen zu sammeln und neue Dinge zu sehen. Ich bin schon zweimal in Deutschland mit der Schule gegangen, um besser Deutsch zu lernen und ich finde, es war wunderbar, weil ich der netten Leute zu treffen und ich besuchte einen schöne Orte zum Beispiel Friedberg, München und Bochum und Köln. Ich reiste auch mit meiner Familie in 2011, wenn wir von Paris nach Nantes umziehen, um ein ruhigeres Leben zu haben. Am Anfang war es sehr schwierig für mich, mich zu integrieren, weil ich all meine Freunde verlassen hatte, meine Stadt und meine Gewohnheiten, aber letztendlich bin ich hier glücklich, weil ich gute Freunde gefunden."